Odisha, formerly known as Orissa, is a state located on the eastern coast of India. Here are some key points of general knowledge about Odisha:

1. Capital: The capital city of Odisha is Bhubaneswar.

2. Language: The official language of Odisha is Odia. It is widely spoken and understood by the majority of the population. However, other languages like Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, and English are also spoken in certain regions.

3. Geography: Odisha is bordered by West Bengal to the northeast, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west, and Andhra Pradesh to the south. The state has a long coastline along the Bay of Bengal, which stretches over 480 kilometers.

4. Historical Significance: Odisha has a rich cultural and historical heritage. It was home to ancient civilizations, including the Kalinga Empire. The famous Kalinga War, fought by Emperor Ashoka, took place in Odisha. The state is known for its magnificent temples, including the Sun Temple in Konark, the Jagannath Temple in Puri, and the Lingaraja Temple in Bhubaneswar.

5. Festivals: Odisha celebrates a wide range of festivals throughout the year. The Rath Yatra, also known as the Chariot Festival, held in Puri, is one of the most famous festivals in the state. Other significant festivals include Durga Puja, Diwali, Holi, and Raja Parba.

6. Economy: The economy of Odisha is primarily based on agriculture, industries, and mining. The state is rich in mineral resources and is one of the leading producers of minerals like coal, iron ore, bauxite, and chromite in India. It also has a significant fishing industry due to its long coastline.

7. Wildlife: Odisha is known for its diverse flora and fauna. It has several wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, including Simlipal National Park, Bhitarkanika National Park, Nandankanan Zoological Park, and Chilika Lake, which is the largest coastal lagoon in India and a designated Ramsar site.

8. Arts and Crafts: Odisha is renowned for its traditional art and craft forms. The state is famous for its intricate stone carvings, silver filigree work, Pattachitra paintings, appliqué work, and handloom textiles like the Sambalpuri saree and Bomkai saree.

9. Dance and Music: Odisha has a rich tradition of dance and music. The classical dance form of Odissi originated in the state and is one of the major classical dance forms of India. Odisha is also known for its folk dances like Gotipua, Chhau, and Mahari dance. The state has a vibrant music scene with Odissi music, folk music, and devotional music being popular.

10. Tourism: Odisha has a diverse range of tourist attractions. Apart from the famous temples, the state offers scenic beaches, hill stations, waterfalls, and tribal villages. Some popular tourist destinations include Puri, Konark, Bhubaneswar, Chilika Lake, Cuttack, Rourkela, and the tribal regions of Koraput and Rayagada.

These are just a few general knowledge points about Odisha. The state has a rich history, culture, and natural beauty, making it a fascinating place to explore.

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